Discuss the possible links between diet and coronary heart disease?
Topic: Discuss the possible links between diet and coronary heart disease?
June 16, 2019 / By Christina Question:
for OCR AS biology diet section
Best Answers: Discuss the possible links between diet and coronary heart disease?
Avelina | 10 days ago
Lifestyle changes are very important. Your doctor may tell you to:
* Avoid or reduce the amount of salt (sodium) you eat
* Eat a heart healthy diet -- one that is low in saturated fats, cholesterol, and trans fat
* Get regular exercise and maintain a healthy weight
* Keep your blood sugar strictly under control if you have diabetes
* Stop smoking
It has been suggested that coronary heart disease is partially reversible using an intense dietary regimen coupled with regular cardio exercise.
* Vegetarian diet: Vegetarians have been shown to have a 24% reduced risk of dying of heart disease.
* Cretan Mediterranean diet: The Seven Country Study found that Cretan men had exceptionally low death rates from heart disease, despite moderate to high intake of fat. The Cretan diet is similar to other traditional Mediterranean diets: consisting mostly of olive oil, bread, abundant fruit and vegetables, a moderate amount of wine and fat-rich animal products such as lamb, sausage and goat cheese. However, the Cretan diet consisted of less fish and wine consumption than some other Mediterranean-style diets, such as the diet in Corfu, another region of Greece, which had higher death rates.
The consumption of trans fat (commonly found in hydrogenated products such as margarine) has been shown to cause the development of endothelial dysfunction, a precursor to atherosclerosis. The consumption of trans fatty acids has been shown to increase the risk of coronary heart disease
Foods containing fiber, potassium, nitric oxide (in green leafy vegetables), monounsaturated fat, polyunsaturated fat, saponins, or lecithin are said to lower cholesterol levels. Foods high in grease, salt, trans fat, or saturated fat are said to raise cholesterol levels.
The benefit of fish oil is controversial with conflicting conclusions reached by a negative meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials by the international Cochrane Collaboration and a partially positive systematic review by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Since these two reviews, a randomized controlled trial reported a reduction on coronary events in Japanese hypercholesterolemic patients.
Omega-3 fatty acids are also found in some plant sources including flax seed oil, hemp seed oil, and walnuts. Plant sources may be safer as fish products have been shown to contain heavy metals and other fat soluble pollutants.
Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH)-style diet is associated with a lower risk for both coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke in middle-aged women over 24 years of follow-up.
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Originally Answered: Can coronary heart disease be cured?
There are unfortunately no cures for heart disease,though there are effective managements both medical and surgical.
Unquestionably the best hopes lie in prevention and reduction in the rate of progression.
These include,diet,exercise,giving up smoking and the use of statins and possibly even ace inhibitors and aspirin in a prophylactic manner. There is evidence that a triple pill containing the 3 drugs mentioned i would be of help to asymptomatic individuals certainly over the age of 50 years.
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With the newer types of insulin these days, diabetic diets aren't necessarily as restrictive as they used to be. Read here https://tr.im/KVzpL
As with any medicine or diet change, you should discuss it with your doctor. Fruits, both fresh and dried, have a natural sugar in them that will raise blood sugar levels, so be careful about eating too much. Not sure about the nuts. Moderation is always the key. I've been diabetic for 18 years and just recently changed insulin types. I love it because it gives me more freedom in when and what I eat.
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High cholesterol foods and not enough fresh fruits and vegetables are one of the main causes of heart disease.Smoking is also a factor.Of course it can also be hereditary. But when it comes to our diet, we need to avoid red meat at all times. We need to eat macadamia nuts, almonds, blueberries, leafy green veggies, tomatoes,only olive oil based dressings. Salmon a couple of times a week is good. No prepared meals. Only fresh!
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YES. The types of food you eat can lead to a condition called atherosclerosis. It's basically a buildup of fatty materials or cholesterol within the arteries. This can lead to blood clots. If a blood clot stops the flow of blood to the heart, then you will have a heart attack. If one of the clots stops blood flow to the brain, you will have a stroke. So yeah, bad food can lead to bad problems with your heart.
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Eat a grapefruit instead of drinking juice; the fiber will let you feel full longer, and grapefruit is which can help with weight loss.
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both are roughly the same except when it comes to protein. EVERY veggies include a good amount of protein; fruits does not.
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